Question: How Do They Diagnose Periodontal Disease?

What are the 4 stages of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease..

How do you kill periodontal bacteria?

Pellets or gels like PerioChip that contain the chlorhexidine or doxycycline can be placed in deep gum pockets after deep scaling and root planing to kill stubborn bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets.

What is the main cause of periodontal disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden.

Is periodontitis reversible?

Reversing Gum Disease Periodontitis can’t be reversed, only slowed down, while gingivitis can be reversed. This is why it’s important to catch it in its early stages and prevent it from moving on to periodontitis.

Can teeth be saved with periodontal disease?

Saving Teeth — When severe periodontal disease causes bone loss, teeth can become loose and at risk of being lost. In order to save them, the bone around them can be regenerated through grafting; this increases bone support and helps keep them in place.

Does hydrogen peroxide kill periodontal disease?

Classified in the United States as an oral debriding agent and an oral wound cleanser, peroxide is an effective antimicrobial for chronic oral wounds inducing periodontal disease.

How long does periodontal disease take to develop?

But most cases develop after the age of 35. Because the disease usually progresses slowly, those affected do not detect the first problems until much later – sometimes when it is already too late. In old age, the consequences of periodontitis can be more serious, in terms of greater bone loss and more tooth loss.

How do you reverse periodontal disease?

To help combat and reverse periodontal disease, the dentist will remove tartar and plaque from below the gum line. This is known as scaling and root planing. Local anaesthesia is used because it would be painful without it. In addition, your periodontist will prescribe an antibiotic to limit the infection.

What does mild periodontitis look like?

Red, Puffy Gums Healthy gum tissue is pink in color and the teeth look like they fit into it smoothly. If you start to see red gums, you should view them as a clear, red warning sign. Gums that look puffy or like they’re pulling away from the tooth surface are also a huge sign that all is not well in your mouth.

How is periodontitis diagnosed?

Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up. A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums.

Can you fix periodontal disease?

If you have advanced periodontitis, treatment may require dental surgery, such as: Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery). Your periodontist makes tiny incisions in your gum so that a section of gum tissue can be lifted back, exposing the roots for more effective scaling and root planing.

What health problems can periodontal disease cause?

Gum disease may increase your risk of all kinds of other health complications, including stroke, diabetes and heart disease. Gum disease has even been linked with problems in pregnancy and dementia.

Can periodontal disease make you sick?

Gum disease may increase your risk of getting respiratory infections, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pneumonia, according to the Journal of Periodontology. The infections might be caused when bacteria from the mouth are inhaled into your lungs, possibly causing your airways to become inflamed.

What can you do for periodontal disease?

The main aim of treatment is to clean out bacteria from the pockets around the teeth and prevent further destruction of bone and tissue.Good oral hygiene. Share on Pinterest Regular brushing with a soft brush and fluoride toothpaste can help prevent gum disease. … Scaling and cleaning. … Medications. … Advanced periodontitis.

How do you classify periodontal disease?

Within this new classification system, periodontal diseases and conditions are divided into three main categories: 1) periodontal health, gingival diseases, and conditions; 2) periodontitis; and 3) other conditions affecting the periodontium.

What happens if periodontal disease goes untreated?

Periodontitis (per-e-o-don-TIE-tis), also called gum disease, is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and, without treatment, can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss.

How much does it cost to treat periodontal disease?

Here are the average costs of more extensive gum disease treatment procedures: Regular dental cleaning: $65 on up. Scaling and planing: $200+ Bone and tissue grafts: $250+

What is aggressive periodontitis?

Aggressive periodontitis, as the name implies is a type of periodontitis where there is rapid destruction of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone which occurs in otherwise systemically healthy individuals generally of a younger age group but patients may be older [1, 2].