Quick Answer: What Drugs Are Used In An Emergency?

What are the top 5 high alert medications?

The five high-alert medications are insulin, opiates and narcotics, injectable potassium chloride (or phosphate) concentrate, intravenous anticoagulants (heparin), and sodium chloride solutions above 0.9%..

What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?

Injecting a small air bubble into the skin or a muscle is usually harmless. But it might mean you aren’t getting the full dose of medicine, because the air takes up space in the syringe.

What is a critical drug?

Any drug that is deemed urgent enough to be. prescribed as a “STAT” on the medication chart. Emergency treatment of.

What is atropine used for in an emergency?

Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning. Atropine may be used alone or with other medications.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

What medications are high in potassium?

Which medications can raise potassium levels?ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers). … ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors. … Spironolactone. … NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). … Cyclosporine and tacrolimus. … Heparin. … Propranolol and labetalol.

What is resuscitation tray?

Resuscitation Tray moulded in polypropylene is a multipurpose tray that can be used for sterilizing, drying glassware, porcelainware & other laboratory instruments. These steam autoclavable trays have tapered walls which prove good for nesting.

What drugs are used in a code blue?

Amiodarone.Atropine.Epinephrine.

What drugs are used in ICU?

Cardiovascular DrugsAnticoagulant drugs. Warfarin. As an oral anticoagulant used worldwide, warfarin is used to prevent and treat thromboembolic disorders in the ICU. … Antiplatelet drugs. Clopidogrel. … Antiarrhythmic drugs. Metoprolol. … Vasoactive drugs. Vasopressin. … Statins. Simvastatin.

What is contained in an emergency tray?

It should be accessible in emergency room and able to be moved to any area within the health facility….Epinephrine.Atropin.Vasopressin.Adenosine.Sodium bicarbonate.Calcium gluconate.Amiodarone.Lignocaine.More items…

What drug is preferred for high risk patients?

In patients with increased cardiovascular risk requiring anti-inflammatory analgesics, the combination of a non-selective NSAID, low-dose aspirin and a PPI is the preferred treatment.

What is crash card in hospital?

The crash cart is the commonly used term to describe a self-contained, mobile unit that contains virtually all of the materials, drugs, and devices necessary to perform a code. … Many hospitals will also keep a defibrillator and heart monitor on top of the crash cart since these devices are also needed in most codes.

What happens if you give too much atropine?

Excess doses of atropine sulfate may cause side effects such as palpitations, dilated pupils, difficulty swallowing, hot dry skin, thirst, dizziness, restlessness, tremor, fatigue, and problems with coordination.

What is another name for atropine?

AtropineClinical dataTrade namesAtropen, othersOther namesDaturinAHFS/Drugs.comMonographMedlinePlusa68248733 more rows

How do you make a shot not hurt?

The following strategies can help reduce or alleviate pain from vaccine and blood draws.Numb the skin. … Give a pacifier or allow breastfeeding. … Don’t restrain the child. … Distract, distract, distract. … Watch what you say. … Act it out. … Speak up.

Do you rub im injections?

Rubbing or stroking the skin near the injection site prior to and during the injection process with moderate intensity may decrease pain in older children (4 years and older) and adults.

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What are the emergency drugs in ICU?

Emergency drugs (PICU Chart)DrugDose (IV)Furosemide0.5–1 mg/Kg IVHydrocortisone2 mg/Kg IV bolusInsulin (regular)0.05–0.1 Units/Kg bolus IV or SQ 0.05–0.1 Units/Kg/hr infusionLidocaine 2%1 mg/Kg IV/IO*18 more rows

What is high risk drugs?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

What is the meaning of crash cart?

noun. a movable cart or similar conveyance carrying supplies and equipment for the management of medical emergencies.

When should Atropine not be given?

Atropine should be avoided with bradycardia caused by hypothermia and, in most cases, it will not be effective for Mobitz type II/Second-degree block type 2 or complete heart block.