Quick Answer: Which Term Describes A Disorder Characterized By The Presence Of Stones In The Kidney?

When kidney function suddenly ceases it is called?

When kidney function suddenly ceases, it is called: diuresis..

What is the outermost layer of the kidney?

The renal cortex produces erythropotein. The kidneys are made up by three external layers, which include the renal fascia (the outermost layer), the perirenal fat capsule, and lastly, the innermost layer, the renal capsule, which then surround the space of the renal cortex.

Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?

CerebrumCerebrum. Beneath the cerebral cortex is the cerebrum, which serves as the main thought and control center of the brain. It is the seat of higher-level thought like emotions and decision making (as opposed to lower-level thought like balance, movement, and reflexes).

Which term means a disorder characterized by the presence of kidney stones?

nephrolithiasisWhich term means a disorder characterized by the presence of kidney stones? nephrolithiasis.

What are two other medical terms for urination?

Called also micturition and voiding. …

Which term means inflammation of the kidney?

nephritisInflammation of the kidney is called nephritis. In Greek terms, nephro means “of the kidney” and itis means “inflammation.” The causes for nephritis include infections, autoimmune disorders and toxins in the body.

What term means excessive thirst?

Polydipsia is the term given to excessive thirst and is one of the initial symptoms of diabetes. It is also usually accompanied by temporary or prolonged dryness of the mouth. We all get thirsty at various times during the day.

Which term means a stone located anywhere along a ureter?

ureterolithA ureterolith is a stone located anywhere along the ureter (URETER/O means ureter, and -LITH means stone). … Ureterectasis is the distention of a ureter.

Which term means a stone located in a kidney?

nephrolithiasis. calculi in the kidneys. hydroureter. distension of the ureter with urine due to blockage.

Which term means the surgical fixation of a floating kidney?

NephropexyNephropexy. surgical fixation of a floating kidney. nephrostomy. establishmehnt of an opening between the pelvis of the kidney thru its cortex to the exterior of the body.

What term means painful urination?

Painful urination (dysuria) is discomfort or burning with urination, usually felt in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum).

What are the signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis?

Glomerulonephritis signs and symptoms include:Pink or cola-colored urine from red blood cells in your urine (hematuria)Foamy urine due to excess protein (proteinuria)High blood pressure (hypertension)Fluid retention (edema) with swelling evident in your face, hands, feet and abdomen.

What is a kidney dye test?

During the test, the radiologist injects a contrast dye into one of your veins. He or she uses X-ray images to watch the contrast dye as it moves from the kidney into the ureter and then to the bladder. Dye that moves too slowly or not at all may mean that you have a blockage in the blood flow through a kidney.

Which term means the normal process of excreting urine?

Urination is also known as micturition. Which term means the inability to control urination when sneezing? Hemodialysis is the removal of waste products directly from the blood. Nephroptosis is also known as a floating kidney.

What term means frequent urination?

Abnormally frequent urination (e.g., once every hour or two) is termed urinary frequency.

What does Urethrostenosis mean?

urethrostenosis (urethr/o/sten/osis) denotes a condition of narrowing of the urethra.

Which condition is the abnormal narrowing of the tube?

Urethral stricture diseaseUrethral stricture disease is an abnormal narrowing or blockage in the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder. This condition most commonly affects men and rarely occurs in women. The constriction of the urethra is usually caused by inflammation or the presence of scar tissue.

What does oliguria mean?

Oliguria is urine output < 500 mL in 24 hours in an adult or < 0.5 mL/kg/hour in an adult or child (< 1 mL/kg/hour in neonates).