What Should Be Done First After A Needlestick?

What should you do after a needle stick injury?

What should I do if I injure myself with a used needle?encourage the wound to bleed, ideally by holding it under running water.wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.do not scrub the wound while you’re washing it.do not suck the wound.dry the wound and cover it with a waterproof plaster or dressing..

What should you do first if you receive a sharps injury?

What to do if you receive a sharps injuryEncourage the wound to gently bleed, ideally holding it under running water.Wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.Don’t scrub the wound whilst you are washing it.Don’t suck the wound.Dry the wound and cover it with a waterproof plaster or dressing.More items…•

What happens if you get pricked by a used needle?

Needle stick injuries can also happen at home or in the community if needles are not discarded properly. Used needles may have blood or body fluids that carry HIV, the hepatitis B virus (HBV), or the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The virus can spread to a person who gets pricked by a needle used on an infected person.

Does PEP work after 72 hours?

PEP is unlikely to work if it’s started after 3 days (72 hours) and it won’t usually be prescribed after this time. It is best to start taking PEP within 1 day (24 hours) of being exposed to HIV. PEP makes infection with HIV less likely.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in the source patient (if available) are as follows:HIV testing.Hepatitis B antigen.Hepatitis C antibody.Aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) and alkaline phosphatase levels.

How soon should you be tested after a needlestick?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

What are the risks of needle stick injury?

SummaryBlood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible.More items…•

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

How long does hepatitis live on needle?

Hepatitis C virus can survive in syringes for up to 63 days.

What steps should be taken in the event of an accidental needlestick?

Emergency Sharps InformationWash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water.Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water.Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants.Report the incident to your supervisor.Immediately seek medical treatment.

How can you protect yourself from a needlestick?

Avoid recapping needles.Before beginning any procedure using needles, plan for safe handling and proper disposal.Help your employer select and evaluate devices with safety features.Use devices with safety features.Report all needlestick and other sharps-related injuries.More items…•

How long are needles infectious?

HBV can survive for up to one week under optimal conditions, and has been detected in discarded needles (6,18). A case of HBV acquired from a discarded needle used by a known HBV carrier has been reported (4).

Do needlestick injuries need to be reported?

You must record all work-related needlestick injuries and cuts from sharp objects that are contaminated with another person’s blood or other potentially infectious material (as defined by 29 CFR 1910.1030). You must enter the case on the OSHA 300 Log as an injury.

What is the biggest cause of sharps injuries?

Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs).

Can you reuse your own needle?

A new, clean needle and clean syringe should always be used to access the medication in a multi-dose vial. Reuse of needles or syringes to access medication can result in contamination of the medicine with germs that can be spread to others when the medicine is used again.

What should you not do to prevent a needlestick injury?

Avoid using needles whenever safe and effective alternatives are available. Avoid recapping or bending needles that might be contaminated. Bring standard-labeled, leak-proof, puncture-resistant sharps containers to clients’ homes. Do not assume such containers will be available there.

Which of the following causes the most reported needlestick injuries?

One analysis by the CDC found that needlestick injuries most commonly occurred at the following points in patient care [14]:Manipulating a needle in the patient (27%)Improper disposal or disposal related (22%)Cleanup (11%)Handling or passing the device during or after use (10%)