What Would You Do If You Accidentally Received A Needle Stick Injury From A Syringe?

What happens if you accidentally poke yourself with a used needle?

If you come into contact with blood or body fluids, always treat them as potentially infectious.

If you prick yourself with a used needle, hold the affected limb down low to get it to bleed.

Do not squeeze the wound or soak it in bleach.

Wash the area with warm water and soap..

Can you get a disease from stepping on a needle?

If a person sustains an injury from a discarded used needle in the community it usually causes a great degree of anxiety and distress. The main fear is that the injury caused by the discarded used needle may result in infection with HIV or hepatitis. The risk of acquiring these infections is extremely low.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following: Hepatitis B surface antibody. HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

How long are needles infectious?

HBV can survive for up to one week under optimal conditions, and has been detected in discarded needles (6,18). A case of HBV acquired from a discarded needle used by a known HBV carrier has been reported (4).

Does PEP work after 72 hours?

PEP must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV, but the sooner you start PEP, the better. Every hour counts. If you’re prescribed PEP, you’ll need to take it once or twice daily for 28 days. PEP is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, but not 100%.

What is the protocol for needle stick injury?

Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants. Report the incident to your supervisor.

What to do if you get pricked by a needle?

Treatment: When somebody accidentally gets pricked by a needle: as soon as possible, wash the area around the puncture for at least 30 seconds, using soap and warm water. Bottled water can also be used if no hand washing facilities are available.

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

What diseases can be transmitted through needle stick injury?

Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible. The risk of disease transmission is low.

What happens if you touch a used needle?

Once someone has used a needle, viruses in their blood, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV, may contaminate it.

Do Gloves protect from needle stick injury?

Wearing gloves reduces the risk of injury by needles and sharp medical devices, or sharps injuries, by about 66 percent, according to a new study by Canadian and U.S. researchers. Double-gloving brought the risk down further, by about 80 percent.

Are clean needle sticks OSHA recordable?

To be recordable, the needlestick injury must be work-related and result in either (a) a fatality or (b) lost workdays, or (c) the need for medical treatment beyond first aid, loss of consciousness, restriction of work or motion, or transfer to another job.